2019年GRE考試練習及答案5

GRE留學考試考試網 鯉魚小編 更新時間:2019-07-16

距離2019GRE考試已經不足一個月了,復習了一段時間,可能許多考生都開始焦慮起來了。我們應該要端正心態,繼續加強學習,下面小編整理了一些題目給大家,希望可以幫助到你們。

GRE閱讀題目解析:螞蟻用真菌創造菜園

Some attine ants carry vegetation into their nests and add fungal material, thereby creating gardensin which fungal food for the ants grow. Because the ants play the behaviorally active role, it seems compelling to say that they cultivate and control the passive fungi. But even if that is true, the symbiotic association has existed for so long that cultivar traits may have evolved in the fungi that benefit the fungi but not necessarily the ants. Furthermore, many microorganisms have developed sophisticated mechanisms to manipulate the physiology and behavior of their symbiotic animals. It is not implausible, therefore, that the antsfungi have evolved chemical and physiological schemes that alter ant behavior to serve the fungusreproductive interests, possibly even compromising the reproductive interests for the ant hosts.

1. The passage points out which of the following in order to explain the appeal of the notion that some attine ants cultivate and control fungus?

A. The ants play the behaviorally active roles in the symbiotic relationship.

B. The ants purposefully carry vegetation into their nests for their own consumption.

C. Fungus is physiologically a passive substance.

D. Other organisms are able to manipulate their symbiotic partners.

E. The chemical and physiological properties of the fungus are subject to ant influence.

2. In the context in which it appears, the word manipulatemost nearly means

A. influence

B. oversee

C. coerce

D. deceive

E. outmaneuver

解析:

1.Some attine ants carry vegetation into their nests and add fungal material, thereby creating gardensin which fungal food for the ants grow.

一些 A 蟻把植物帶回巢穴,再加入真菌材料,于是創造出一個生產真菌的 “ 菜園 ” 供養蟻群。

(attine ants 沒查到比較準確的譯法,也許可以譯作 “ 真菌培育蟻 ”,也許指的就是 “ 切葉蟻 ”,待定。)

2.Because the ants play the behaviorally active role, it seems compelling to say that they cultivate and control the passive fungi.

因為蟻的是這一行為的主動方,說它們種植和控制被動的真菌似乎比較有說服力。

3.But even if that is true, the symbiotic association has existed for so long that cultivar traits may have evolved in the fungi that benefit the fungi but not necessarily the ants.

但即便這是真的,這種共生關系也存在了如此久,以至于被栽種的真菌可能已經進化出一些對自己有利,對蟻未必有利的遺傳特征。

(cultivar 栽種品種

trait 遺傳特征)

4.Furthermore, many microorganisms have developed sophisticated mechanisms to manipulate the physiology and behavior of their symbiotic animals.

此外,許多微生物都發展出復雜的機制,操縱與之共生的動物的生理機能和行為。

5.It is not implausible, therefore, that the antsfungi have evolved chemical and physiological schemes that alter ant behavior to serve the fungusreproductive interests, possibly even compromising the reproductive interests for the ant hosts.

因此,有可能蟻栽種的真菌,已經進化出化學和生理策略,改變蟻的行為,為真菌的生殖利益服務,甚至可能危害到了宿主蟻的生殖利益。

1. The passage points out which of the following in order to explain the appeal of the notion that some attine ants cultivate and control fungus?

A. The ants play the behaviorally active roles in the symbiotic relationship.

B. The ants purposefully carry vegetation into their nests for their own consumption.

C. Fungus is physiologically a passive substance.

D. Other organisms are able to manipulate their symbiotic partners.

E. The chemical and physiological properties of the fungus are subject to ant influence.

A

文章開始提出了一種現象,螞蟻和蘑菇共生。

關于這一現象,有兩種解釋,一種是螞蟻種蘑菇;一種是蘑菇控制螞蟻。

題目問我們第一種解釋的根據,定位句 2Because the ants play the behaviorally active role,選 A

2. In the context in which it appears, the word manipulatemost nearly means

A. influence

B. oversee

C. coerce

D. deceive

E. outmaneuver

A

influence 影響,支配

oversee 監督,監視

coerce 強制,逼迫

deceive 欺騙,誤導

outmaneuver 以計謀、智力取勝(對手)

以上就是鯉魚小編為大家整理的考試練習題,大家做完之后是不是覺得更加有把握了呢?鯉魚網有更多考試資訊和復習資料,快來關注吧。

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